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The Manuka Shop at Arapawa Island Manuka
Leptospermum scoparium
Manuka Oil Production
Manuka Oil Chemistry
Arapawa Island

Manuka Oil Chemistry

Our products contain the fragrant oils of red manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) and white manuka ('kanuka') (Kunzea ericoides), native New Zealand tea-trees that are abundant on Arapawa Island.

Manuka products were commonly used by Maori to remedy a wide range of ailments.  Today manuka oil is known for its antibacterial, antifungal, pain relieving, decongestant and muscle relaxing properties. Arapawa Island manuka yields an oil with a particularly sweet and pleasant fragrance.

Manuka oils typically contain 120 or so different compounds. Properties reported in the scientific literature for some of the main compounds are given below.

Alpha-pinene

Skin absorption enhancer. Anti-microbial activity.

Cadinene

Anti-inflammatory activity.

Caryophyllene

Anti-fungal and anti-bacterial activity. Anti-inflammatory activity. Possible muscle relaxant. Possible anticarcinogenic agent. Anti-histamine activity. Anti-malarial activity reported.

1,8-Cineole

Skin absorption enhancer. Anti-inflammatory in bronchial asthma. Analgesic activity. Kills lice. Anti-bacterial.

Elemene

Possible anti-tumor/tumor preventative activity.

Limonene

Skin absorption enhancer. Lice/flea killer. Potential anti-tumor/tumor preventative properties (undergoing testing for treatment of human mammary cancer).

Linalool

Anti-bacterial activity.

Myrcene

Non-opiate, non-asprin-like peripheral analgesic (pain-reliever). Anti-mutagenic activity.

Selinene

Auto-oxidation products reported as showing antimalarial activity.